The Ultimate Glossary for Digital Manufacturing & Industry 4.0

By far the most comprehensive glossary of digital manufacturing and Industry 4.0 terms on the internet

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6Ms (Man, Machine, Material, Method, Mother Nature, Measurement)

The 6Ms (Man, Machine, Material, Method, Mother Nature, Measurement) are variables that contribute to variation, & help determine the “cause and effect” of events…

 

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ALCOA

ALCOA is an acronym representing a method for ensuring data integrity. It stands for Attributable, Legible, Contemporaneous, Original, and Accurate…

AS9100

The quality standard for aerospace industries. Considered among the most exacting of standards. Certification is required of all vendors working with aviation, space, and defense organization…

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Bill of Materials

A bill of materials (BOM) is a complete inventory of the raw materials, assemblies, parts, and the quantities of each needed to create a specific product…

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Corrective and Preventative Action (CAPA)

Also known as Corrective And Preventative Action, CAPA is a series of steps taken to identify and eliminate the source of an adverse event…

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

Computer-aided manufacturing is the use of software/CNC applications to manage or automate a manufacturing process…

Computer Numeric Control (CNC)

Computer numeric control (CNC) is a method of controlling, automating, and monitoring a machine through a pre-programmed computer software…

Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS)

In manufacturing, Cyber-Physical Production Systems are integrated systems of manufacturing software, machines, IoT devices, and databases that help connect a facility’s operations…

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Dynamic Data Models (DDM)

Dynamic Data Modeling is the process of mapping out and developing a framework of information where the data inputs are frequently changing…

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Electronic Batch Records (EBR)

An electronic batch record is a paperless record that contains documentation on the complete manufacturing history of a batch of product…

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Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) is a set of general principles that help ensure the quality and safety of manufactured products…

GxP

An abbreviation for “Good __ Practices,” GxP refers to industry-specific standards and best practices. These regulations encourage manufacturers to improve traceability, accountability, and data integrity…

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IATF 16949

Replacing the ISO 16949, this standard governs QMS in the Automotive Industry. Industry specific focuses include the reduction of waste and scrap in the supply chain…

ISO 9000

The ISO 9000 refers to a family of internationally accepted standards for quality management and quality assurance. They are not specific to any industry or product…

ISO 9001:2015

The most widely implemented quality standard. The 2015 revision expands its coverage of the relationships between organizations and their QMS…

ISO 13485

The standard particular to the medical device industry. Designed to help medical device manufacturers comply with regulations and maximize quality at every stage of a product’s lifecycle…

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Jidoka

Jidoka, often translated as “automation with a human touch”, relies on detecting, fixing, and correcting the root cause of abnormalities and quality defects…

Just-in-Time

Just in time manufacturing is a strategy used to increase efficiency & reduce waste by manufacturing to meet current demand rather than producing a surplus…

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Kanban

Kanban is a method to visualize the flow of materials and information in a system, most commonly using kanban cards…

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Lean 4.0

Lean 4.0 is a concept that combines Industry 4.0 technologies with a traditional lean manufacturing methodology to enable continuous improvement…

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Low-Code Apps

A low-code app is a software application that can be built or customized using a graphical user interface, with some hand-coding…

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Manufacturing Operations Platform (MOP)

A manufacturing operations platform (MOP) is a system that helps manage end-to-end manufacturing processes, with the goal of driving efficiency…

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Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)

An original equipment manufacturer is a company that manufactures components or product that is then sold to another company, which sells the finished product…

Overall Operational Effectiveness (OOE)

Overall operations effectiveness (OOE) measures the performance of an asset, production line, or production machine…

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Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME)

Small and medium-sized enterprises are generally defined as legally independent companies with fewer than 1,000 employees and annual revenue of less than $1 billion…

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Time To Market

Time to market is the amount of time it takes for a new product to go from conception to being available for purchase by the general public…

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Utilization

In manufacturing, utilization is referred to as a KPI that measures the extent to which productive capacity is being used…

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Validated Manufacturing

In manufacturing, validation is the process by which manufacturers must document and prove that their production capabilities can consistently and reliably uphold a pre-determined standard…

Value Stream

Value streams are comprised of all activity and information streams that exist between the raw material supplier and the possession of the customer…

Value Stream Mapping

Value stream mapping is a tenet of lean methodology that aims to define, document, and optimize the value streams of a specific product or service…

V Model

The V-Model is a critical part of GAMP. It is commonly used for computerized system validation. In the V-Model, product specifications are paired with verification tests… 

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Zero Defects

Zero Defects is referenced as a management tool designed to eliminate quality defects throughout the manufacturing process…

Zero Waste Manufacturing

Zero waste is a strategy from the lean methodology that strives to eliminate all waste from production through the process of continuous improvement…

The Ultimate Digital Manufacturing and Industry 4.0 Glossary

We scoured the internet looking for a comprehensive list of digital manufacturing terms. While we found some glossaries that attempted to achieve this goal, we knew we could do better.