The Ultimate Manufacturing Glossary – A Dictionary for Digital Transformation & Industry 4.0

A comprehensive glossary of manufacturing and Industry 4.0 terms on the internet

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6Ms (Man, Machine, Material, Method, Mother Nature, Measurement)

The 6Ms (Man, Machine, Material, Method, Mother Nature, Measurement) are variables that contribute to variation, & help determine the “cause and effect” of events…

 

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ALCOA

ALCOA is an acronym representing a method for ensuring data integrity. It stands for Attributable, Legible, Contemporaneous, Original, and Accurate…

Ambient Condition Monitoring

Ambient condition monitoring is the process of ensuring conditions like the temperature/humidity of sensitive processes and machinery stay within tolerance…

Andon

Andon is a system of quickly alerting operators and other relevant team members of a quality/process problem, so corrective measures can be taken immediately…

AS9100

The quality standard for aerospace industries. Considered among the most exacting of standards. Certification is required of all vendors working with aviation, space, and defense organization…

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Bill of Materials

A bill of materials (BOM) is a complete inventory of the raw materials, assemblies, parts, and the quantities of each needed to create a specific product…

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Corrective and Preventative Action (CAPA)

Also known as Corrective And Preventative Action, CAPA is a series of steps taken to identify and eliminate the source of an adverse event…

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

Computer-aided manufacturing is the use of software/CNC applications to manage or automate a manufacturing process…

Computer Numeric Control (CNC)

Computer numeric control (CNC) is a method of controlling, automating, and monitoring a machine through a pre-programmed computer software…

Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS)

In manufacturing, Cyber-Physical Production Systems are integrated systems of manufacturing software, machines, IoT devices, and databases that help connect a facility’s operations…

Cycle Time

Cycle time in manufacturing is the average time it takes to produce one unit of output, from start to finish…

-D-

Defect Tracking

Defect tracking is the process of collecting quality issues, with the goal of determining and resolving the source of defects…

Dynamic Data Models (DDM)

Dynamic Data Modeling is the process of mapping out and developing a framework of information where the data inputs are frequently changing…

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Electronic Batch Records (EBR)

An electronic batch record is a paperless record that contains documentation on the complete manufacturing history of a batch of product…

Electronic Logbook

An electronic logbook is a tool that maintains a digital record of information (like equipment states and events), reducing data entry burden and errors…

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First Pass Yield (FPY)

First pass yield is a benchmarking metric for production performance. It is the # of units completed (w/o rework) / by the # of units going into that process…

Fishbone (Ishikawa) Diagram

A Fishbone diagram is a visual technique used to help identify potential causes of a problem, especially when little quantitative data is available…

-G-

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) is a set of general principles that help ensure the quality and safety of manufactured products…

GxP

An abbreviation for “Good __ Practices,” GxP refers to industry-specific standards and best practices. These regulations encourage manufacturers to improve traceability, accountability, and data integrity…

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IATF 16949

Replacing the ISO 16949, this standard governs QMS in the Automotive Industry. Industry specific focuses include the reduction of waste and scrap in the supply chain…

ISO 9000

The ISO 9000 refers to a family of internationally accepted standards for quality management and quality assurance. They are not specific to any industry or product…

ISO 9001:2015

The most widely implemented quality standard. The 2015 revision expands its coverage of the relationships between organizations and their QMS…

ISO 13485

The standard particular to the medical device industry. Designed to help medical device manufacturers comply with regulations and maximize quality at every stage of a product’s lifecycle…

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Jidoka

Jidoka, often translated as “automation with a human touch”, relies on detecting, fixing, and correcting the root cause of abnormalities and quality defects…

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Kitting

Kitting is the process of bundling the components and parts needed for a specific part of the assembly line together…

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Lean 4.0

Lean 4.0 is a concept that combines Industry 4.0 technologies with a traditional lean manufacturing methodology to enable continuous improvement…

Keep Reading

Line Clearance

Line clearance is a procedure that ensures the equipment and work area is cleared between the completion of one process and the next scheduled process…

Low-Code Apps

A low-code app is a software application that can be built or customized using a graphical user interface, with some hand-coding…

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Machine Changeover

Machine changeover is when a machine is converted from running one product to another. Reducing changeover time increases production flexibility & reduces waste…

Manufacturing Operations Platform (MOP)

A manufacturing operations platform (MOP) is a system that helps manage end-to-end manufacturing processes, with the goal of driving efficiency…

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Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)

An original equipment manufacturer is a company that manufactures components or product that is then sold to another company, which sells the finished product…

Overall Operational Effectiveness (OOE)

Overall operations effectiveness (OOE) measures the performance of an asset, production line, or production machine…

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Real-Time Feedback

In manufacturing, real-time feedback is the act of providing human operators with immediate analysis of their work as it’s being completed…

Rework Management

Rework management is the process guiding, tracking, and measuring rework throughout all operational processes in an effort to improve production quality…

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Skills Tracking

Skills tracking is a method of identifying, measuring, and improving skills in the workforce to discover potential gaps and continually improve training…

Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME)

Small and medium-sized enterprises are generally defined as legally independent companies with fewer than 1,000 employees and annual revenue of less than $1 billion…

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Time To Market

Time to market is the amount of time it takes for a new product to go from conception to being available for purchase by the general public…

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Utilization

In manufacturing, utilization is referred to as a KPI that measures the extent to which productive capacity is being used…

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Validated Manufacturing

In manufacturing, validation is the process by which manufacturers must document and prove that their production capabilities can consistently and reliably uphold a pre-determined standard…

Value Stream

Value streams are comprised of all activity and information streams that exist between the raw material supplier and the possession of the customer…

Visual Quality Inspection

Visual inspection is a method used in quality control that utilizes human eyesight to identify any quality defects throughout production…

V Model

The V-Model is a critical part of GAMP. It is commonly used for computerized system validation. In the V-Model, product specifications are paired with verification tests… 

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Zero Defects

Zero Defects is referenced as a management tool designed to eliminate quality defects throughout the manufacturing process…

Zero Waste Manufacturing

Zero waste is a strategy from the lean methodology that strives to eliminate all waste from production through the process of continuous improvement…

The Ultimate Manufacturing Glossary – A Dictionary for Digital Transformation & Industry 4.0

We scoured the internet looking for a comprehensive list of digital manufacturing terms. While we found some glossaries that attempted to achieve this goal, we knew we could do better.